Cranio Sacral Therapy (CST)

Craniosacral therapy (CST) or cranial osteopathy is a form of alternative therapy that uses gentle touch to palpate fibrous or synarthrodial skull joints. (Fibrous joints are dense connective tissue made up mainly of collagen. These "fixed joints" that connect the bones to a layer of white fibrous tissue in the skull are called sutures or synarthrosis.)

CST is one of the specialist branches within osteopathy, and its practice is characterized as an alternative field. It is based on misconceptions about the physiology of the human skull and is promoted as a remedy for multiple types of health conditions.

Andrew Taylor Still, the man who founded Osteopathy and then a student of William Garner Sutherland, set it in a new direction in 1898-1900. As he looked at the articulated skull, Sutherland was taken aback by the idea that the cranial sutures of the temporal bones at the point where they meet the parietal bones were "mowed, like fish gills, indicating joint mobility for the respiratory mechanism."

Craniosacral therapy CST evolved in the 1970s as a special field of cranial osteopathy by John E. Upledger who further developed the concept of 10 individual steps. He called it "Somato Emotional Release", in which he presented the so-called "energy blockages" that were fixed in the tissue after the trauma.

From 1975 to 1983, Upledger and neurophysiologist and histologist Ernest W. Retzlaff worked at Michigan State University as clinical researchers and professors. They assembled a research team to investigate the alleged pulse and further study Sutherland’s theory of cranial bone movement. Craniosacral work focuses on the 22 bones that make up the human skull (cranium), spine and sacrum, as well as the brain, central nervous system (CNS), cerebrospinal fluid (liquorcerebrospinalis), membrane system and spinal column.

Practitioners of cranial osteopathy and CST claim that there are small, rhythmic movements of cranial bones that are attributed to the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid that has its own rhythm in the form of beats independent of heart rate. They also claim that CTS is effective in treating a wide range of conditions.

Medical research has found no evidence that CST or cranial osteopathy causes any health damage, even if used on children or infants.

How does Craniosacral Therapy work?

CTS treatment lasts from 50 to 60 minutes. It is used to harmonize and maintain complete health, enhances the fluidity of movement and strengthens vitality. Each treatment is based on the uniqueness of the movement (10-step protocol + more advanced techniques) of the therapist and the client's body. The treatment is performed on the therapy table directly on the skin or over clothing, without the use of oils, creams, balms or mechanical devices.

The therapy focuses on creating a safe gentle touch of only 3-5 grams, and listening to the client's craniosacral rhythm (palpating spinal fluid) by palpating the skull and sacrum to activate the body's systems responsible for self-regulation or self-regeneration as needed. Tensions and blockages are detected, as well as light pressure or just energy until a steady pulse is felt. Clients perceive the treatment as very pleasant and relaxing, so many fall asleep.

Despite the knowledge that fibrous joints are rigid connective tissue of the skull bones, in a way they still expand and relax slightly (we are talking about micro-displacements). The cerebrum gets a little more space and then the production of cerebrospinal fluid increases, and the movement of spinal fluid through the meninges and spinal cord is accelerated by creating different waves within the system and nourishing better internal organs and tissues. Cerebral spinal fluid, which protects the brain and spinal cord, carries with it nutrients and potency (strength) that mix with other body fluids through dural membranes.

Therapists can also focus on restoring the craniosacral system to balance by gently stretching the spine and focusing on placing these parts of the craniosacral system in an optimal relaxing position. CST also treats long-forgotten injuries that we are unaware of and finds a way to alleviate or completely heal them. The traumas of birth follow us all our lives if we do not discover them.

Many of us witness injuries and blows to the head or back of the head from falls, sports or car accidents. We don't have to remember the repressed traumas we experienced to help heal them, our inner intelligence will do for us. We are witnessing a variety of astonishing recoveries from more difficult surgeries that have been successfully treated with CST. CST treatments are accepted in almost all developed countries of the world, as an integral part of the rehabilitation program. The technique is supplemented with other treatments without contraindications.

The rhythm rate can be from 2 treatments to 20 and an interval of one day to a month. The best effect was shown if 3 to 5 treatments were done at intervals of several days.

Results of CST treatment

CST supports brain and nervous system health, including the problems of aging, stiffness, memory loss, inflammation, and immune imbalance. Your posture will be more correct and you will breathe deeper and easier. The pain is greatly reduced or eliminated, and emotional connections will become easier to maintain. It is very likely that you will feel deeper relaxed and be more balanced. The goal of treatment is to restore balance and rhythm in the craniosacral system and thus allow the body to heal more effectively.

List of conditions on which CTS has a beneficial effect:

  • Migraine and headache
  • Neck and back pain, spasm, scoliosis, orthopedic problems
  • Autism
  • Stress and anxiety, chronic depression
  • Coordination problems (tremor)
  • Fibromalagia
  • TMJ


  • Central nervous system problems
  • Learning problems, ADD / ADHD (problem of attention and concentration)
  • Trauma (psychological and physical consequences of accidents)
  • Tinnitus, inflammation of the middle ear
  • Vision disorders
  • Digestive tract problems
  • Asthma, sinusitis, bronchitis. ... and many other conditions

CST during pregnancy?

CST is not only safe, but also desirable during pregnancy. Balancing the central nervous system of the mother and baby stimulates their emotional connection. The consciousness of the baby before birth is such that it does not distinguish the mother's thoughts and feelings from her own, so the mother's system, calm and balanced, has a beneficial effect.